acquired immunity

acquired immunity
immunity to a particular disease that is not innate but has been acquired during life; immunity can be acquired by the development of antibodies after an attack of an infectious disease or by a pregnant mother passing antibodies through the placenta to a fetus or by vaccination
Hypernyms: ↑immunity, ↑resistance
Hyponyms: ↑active immunity, ↑passive immunity

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: immunity taken on by a member of a naturally susceptible group (as following an attack of some diseases or as induced by injection of suitable antigens or antibodies) — compare active immunity, natural immunity

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immunity arising from exposure to antigens. Cf. natural immunity.

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acquired immunity noun (immunology)
Immunity resulting from exposure to foreign substances or micro-organisms (cf ↑natural immunity)
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Main Entry:acquire

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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  • acquired immunity — n immunity that develops after exposure to a suitable agent (as by an attack of a disease or by injection of antigens) compare ACTIVE IMMUNITY, NATURAL IMMUNITY, PASSIVE IMMUNITY * * * immunity involving the functioning of the immune system… …   Medical dictionary

  • acquired immunity — Immunol. immunity arising from exposure to antigens. Cf. natural immunity. [1930 35] * * * …   Universalium

  • acquired immunity — Refers to the type of specific immunity that develops after exposure to a suitable antigen or is produced after antibodies are transferred from one individual to another …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • acquired immunity — Classically, the reaction of an organism to a new antigenic challenge and the retention of a memory of this, as opposed to innate immunity. In modern terms, the clonal selection and expansion of a population of immune cells in response to a… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • acquired immunity — built up resistance (mental, physical, social, etc.); granted protection from prosecution …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Immunity (medical) — Immunity is a biological term that describes a state of having sufficient biological defenses to avoid infection, disease, or other unwanted biological invasion. Immunity involves both specific and non specific components. The non specific… …   Wikipedia

  • Immunity — The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate (for example, humans are innately immune to canine distemper) or conferred by a previous infection or immunization. * * * 1. The status or quality of being immune (1). 2. Protection against… …   Medical dictionary

  • immunity — /i myooh ni tee/, n., pl. immunities. 1. the state of being immune from or insusceptible to a particular disease or the like. 2. the condition that permits either natural or acquired resistance to disease. 3. the ability of a cell to react… …   Universalium

  • immunity — Synonyms and related words: absolution, acquired immunity, active immunity, amnesty, antibody, antigen, artificial immunity, assurance, blank check, carte blanche, charter, clear sailing, congenital immunity, copyright, diplomatic immunity,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • immunity —    The ability to resist infection and to heal. The process may involve acquired immunity, (the ability to learn and remember a specific infectious agent), or innate immunity (the genetically programmed system of responses that attack, digest,… …   Herbal-medical glossary

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